In this world where most of the things happen online, hacking provides wider opportunities for the hackers to gain unauthorized access to the unclassified information like credit card details, email account details, and other personal information.So, it is also important to know some of the hacking techniques that are commonly used to get your personal information in an unauthorized way.
Keylogger is a simple software that records the key sequence and strokes of your keyboard into a log file on your machine. These log files might even contain your personal email IDs and passwords. Also known as keyboard capturing, it can be either software or hardware. While software-based keyloggers target the programs installed on a computer, hardware devices target keyboards, electromagnetic emissions, smartphone sensors, etc.
Keylogger is one of the main reasons why online banking sites give you an option to use their virtual keyboards. So, whenever you’re operating a computer in public setting, try to take extra caution.
Denial of Service (DoS\DDoS)
A Denial of Service attack is a hacking technique to take down a site or server by flooding that site or server with a lot of traffic that the server is unable to process all the requests in the real time and finally crashes down. This popular technique, the attacker floods the targeted machine with tons of requests to overwhelm the resources, which, in turn, restrict the actual requests from being fulfilled.
For DDoS attacks, hackers often deploy botnets or zombie computers which have got the only work to flood your system with request packets. With each passing year, as the malware and types of hackers keep getting advanced, the size of DDoS attacks keeps getting increasing.
Phishing is a hacking technique using which a hacker replicates the most-accessed sites and traps the victim by sending that spoofed link. Combined with social engineering, it becomes one of the most commonly used and deadliest attack vectors.
Once the victim tries to login or enters some data, the hacker gets that private information of the target victim using the trojan running on the fake site. Phishing via iCloud and Gmail account was the attack route taken by hackers who targeted the “Fappening” leak, which involved numerous Hollywood female celebrities.
Virus, Trojan etc.
Virus or trojans are malicious software programs which get installed into the victim’s system and keeps sending the victims data to the hacker. They can also lock your files, serve fraud advertisement, divert traffic, sniff your data, or spread on all the computer connected to your network.
You can read the comparison and difference between various malware, worms, trojans, etc., by visiting the link given below.
ClickJacking is also known by a different name, UI Redress. In this attack, the hacker hides the actual UI where the victim is supposed to click. This behaviour is very common in app download, movie streaming, and torrent websites. While they mostly employ this technique to earn advertising dollars, others can use it to steal your personal information.
In another word, in this type of hacking, the attacker hijacks the clicks of the victim that aren’t meant for the exact page, but for a page where the hacker wants you to be. It works by fooling an internet user into performing an undesired action by clicking on hidden link.